In India, there are a number of engineering colleges imparting undergraduate and graduate courses in engineering, applied engineering and sciences. The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are the famous and reputed institutes in the country.
Some other institutions that are on par with them include : Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Delhi College of Engineering (DCE) Delhi, ICT Mumbai, VJTI, SPCE, K J Somaiya, CoEP Pune.
Indian Institutes of Technology
The Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) has sixteen centers located in Bhubaneswar, Bombay, Delhi, Patna, Roorkee, Gandhinagar, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Hyderabad, Indore, Jodhpur, Madras, Mandi, Ropar and Varanasi. All IITs have the benefit of the status of the Institutes of National Importance and are autonomous universities that draft their own curricula. Many IITs are members of LAOTSE, an international association of universities in Europe and Asia. LAOTSE membership allows the IITs to exchange students and senior scholars with universities in other countries.
Admission to undergraduate B.Tech and integrated M.Tech programs are through IIT-JEE (the Joint Entrance Examination) in which around 400,000 students appear yearly out of which only 5,500 get selected. Admission to most postgraduate courses in IITs is granted through various written entrance examinations : GATE (for M.Tech.), JAM (for M.Sc.) and CEED (for M.Des.).
The admission for Ph.D. program is based primarily on a personal interview, though candidates may also have to appear for written tests.
National Institute of Technology
The National Institutes of Technology (NIT) are premier colleges of engineering and technology education in India. Initially they were called Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs). In 2002, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, decided to improve, in phases, all the original 17 Regional Engineering Colleges(RECs) as National Institutes of Technology (NITs).
At present there are 20 NITs, the latest being NIT, Delhi.
The NITs are purposely spread all over the country in every major state of India to encourage regional development. The individual NITs, after the introduction of the NIT Act, have been functioning as autonomous technical universities and hence can draft their own curriculum and functioning policies.
The admission to undergraduate programs of all the NITs is done by the All India Engineering Entrance Examinationcommonly known as AIEEE.
Every year from 2009 an elected set of NITs selected on a rotation basis will take individual turns to conduct the AIEEE exam at the national level just like the IITs do for the IIT-JEE.
Indian Institute of Information Technology
Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) are a group of four institutes of higher education in India, focused on information technology. They are established by the central government, centrally funded, and managed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad (IIIT Allahabad)
- Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior (IIITM-G)
- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur (IIITDM Jabalpur)
- Indian Institute of Information Technology Design & Manufacturing Kancheepuram (IIITDM Kancheepuram)
The Institution of Engineers (India)
The Institution of Engineers (India) AMIE was established in 1920 in Kolkata, West Bengal and is acclaimed to have pioneered non-formal education in Engineering. IEI (I) conducts an examination for its Associate Membership (AMIE).
This examination is considered to be on par with B.E. / B.Tech. by Ministry of HRD, Government of India.
The Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani is an Indian institute of higher education and a deemed university.
A 2008 study by the Indian Semiconductor Association (ISA) found that BITS Pilani, IISc and the top five IITs accounted for 70–75 percent of Indian semiconductor research.
The Government of India's National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) rated BITS a five-star institution for the period ending 7 February 2007.